Barmer, a district in the western state of Rajasthan, India, is a treasure trove of historical and natural attractions. From ancient temples and forts to serene lakes and the mesmerizing Thar Desert, Barmer offers an unforgettable experience for travelers. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore the top places to visit in Barmer and provide essential information for planning your trip in Rajasthan. So, let’s delve into the mystique and allure of this charming destination.
1. Kiradu Historical Temple Parmar Era
Kiradu Historical Temple is an ancient temple complex that dates back to the 11th century. These temples were constructed during the Parmar Era and are dedicated to various Hindu deities. The intricate carvings and sculptures adorning the temples are a testament to the artistic skills of the craftsmen of yore.
History and Architecture
The Kiradu temples are believed to have been built by the Solanki dynasty of Gujarat. The complex consists of five temples, with the largest one dedicated to Lord Shiva. The temples showcase a blend of Nagara and Maru-Gurjara architectural styles, which are typical of the region. The intricately carved pillars, ceilings, and doorways exemplify the craftsmanship and attention to detail that went into constructing these magnificent structures.
How to Reach
The Kiradu Historical Temple complex is located approximately 35 kilometers from Barmer city. You can hire a taxi or take a bus from the city to reach the site.
2. Munabao Railway Station
Munabao Railway Station holds the distinction of being the last railway station on the Indian side, close to the India-Pakistan border. This station is a crucial transit point for travelers crossing the border and holds immense strategic importance for both countries.
Thar Link Express
The Thar Link Express, a weekly train service between Jodhpur in India and Karachi in Pakistan, passes through Munabao railway station. This train service plays a vital role in fostering people-to-people contact and promoting trade and commerce between the two countries.
While visiting Munabao Railway Station, make sure to explore the nearby attractions like the Munabao War Museum and the Tanot Rai Mata Mandir, which houses a war museum commemorating India’s victory in the 1971 Indo-Pak War.
3. Nakoda Ji Jain Mandir
Nakoda Ji Jain Mandir is a revered pilgrimage site for the Jain community. This ancient temple is dedicated to Lord Parshvanatha, the 23rd Tirthankara of Jainism. The temple is known for its exquisite architecture and serene ambiance, making it a must-visit destination for tourists and devotees alike.
History and Significance
The Nakoda Ji Jain Mandir is believed to have been built in the 12th century. Over the years, the temple has undergone several renovations and expansions, adding to its architectural grandeur. The temple holds immense spiritual significance for the Jain community, and thousands of devotees visit the shrine every year to seek blessings and offer prayers.
Architecture and Artwork
The temple showcases an amalgamation of Rajput and Mughal architectural styles. The intricate carvings on the temple walls, pillars, and ceilings are a sight to behold. The temple houses several beautifully carved idols of Jain Tirthankaras, adding to its spiritual aura.
4. Balark Temple
Balark Temple, also known as the Sun Temple, is a significant religious site in Barmer. Dedicated to the Sun God, this temple is visited by devotees and tourists alike for its unique architecture and spiritual ambiance.
History and Significance
The Balark Temple dates back to the 12th century and is one of the few temples in India dedicated to the Sun God. The temple holds immense religious significance, and it is believed that offering prayers here can cure various ailments and bring prosperity to one’s life.
The temple features a blend of Nagara and Maru-Gurjara architectural styles, which are characteristic of Rajasthan. The intricately carved pillars, doorways, and ceilings showcase the craftsmanship of the artisans who built this magnificent structure.
5. Panchbhadra Salt Lake
Panchbhadra Salt Lake, located near Barmer, is a unique natural attraction that draws tourists for its stunning landscapes and picturesque surroundings. The lake, surrounded by the Thar Desert, offers a serene and tranquil environment, making it an ideal spot for nature lovers and photographers.
Flora and Fauna
The area surrounding Panchbhadra Salt Lake is home to diverse flora and fauna, including several species of birds, reptiles, and mammals. The lake is particularly famous for its migratory bird population, which attracts birdwatchers and wildlife enthusiasts.
Visitors can indulge in various activities like birdwatching, photography, and trekking around the lake. The stunning sunsets and sunrises at Panchbhadra Salt Lake are a visual treat and should not be missed.
6. Siwana Fort Lake
Siwana Fort Lake is a beautiful lake situated near the historic Siwana Fort. The lake, surrounded by lush greenery and majestic hills, offers a tranquil and picturesque setting, making it a popular picnic spot for locals and tourists alike.
The Siwana Fort, also known as Gadh Siwana, is a 12th-century fortress built by the Parmar dynasty. The fort, perched atop a hill, offers panoramic views of the surrounding landscape. The fort’s strategic location and impressive architecture make it a must-visit attraction in Barmer.
Visitors can explore the Siwana Fort and its various structures, including the palace ruins, temples, and watchtowers. The lake offers opportunities for boating, picnicking, and photography, making it an ideal destination for a relaxing day trip.
7. Viratra Vankal Mata Mandir Barmer
Viratra Vankal Mata Mandir is a revered Hindu temple dedicated to the goddess Vankal Mata. The temple is known for its unique architecture, spiritual significance, and vibrant festivals, attracting devotees and tourists from far and wide.
History and Significance
The temple is believed to have been constructed in the 12th century and has undergone several renovations over the years. Vankal Mata is considered a powerful deity who protects her devotees from evil forces and brings prosperity to their lives. The temple holds immense religious significance, and thousands of devotees visit the shrine every year, especially during the annual fair.
The Viratra Vankal Mata Mandir hosts a grand fair every year in the month of Chaitra (March-April). The fair attracts devotees and tourists from across the country, who participate in the various religious and cultural events organized during the celebration.
8. Shri Brahma Ji Temple
Shri Brahma Ji Temple is a sacred Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Brahma, the creator of the universe. Located in the picturesque town of Pushkar, the temple is one of the very few Brahma temples in India and holds immense religious significance for the Hindu community.
History and Legends
The temple is believed to have been built in the 14th century and is associated with several myths and legends. According to popular belief, Lord Brahma performed a yagna at this site to create the universe and protect it from evil forces. The temple is considered to be one of the most important pilgrimage sites in India and attracts thousands of devotees every year.
The Shri Brahma Ji Temple showcases a blend of Rajput and Mughal architectural styles. The temple’s sanctum sanctorum houses a four-faced idol of Lord Brahma, which is made of marble and adorned with gold ornaments. The temple complex also features several smaller shrines dedicated to other Hindu deities.
9. Thar Desert and Sand Dunes Safari
No trip to Barmer would be complete without experiencing the captivating beauty of the Thar Desert. The vast expanse of golden sand dunes, interspersed with small villages and ancient temples, offers a unique and unforgettable experience for visitors.
One of the best ways to explore the Thar Desert is by embarking on a camel safari. The safari takes you through the stunning sand dunes, where you can witness the incredible flora and fauna of the region and interact with the local communities.
For those looking for a more adventurous experience, a jeep safari through the Thar Desert is the perfect option. The jeep safari takes you on a thrilling ride across the sand dunes, offering breathtaking views of the landscape and an adrenaline-pumping adventure.
10. Stepwells of Barmer
The stepwells, or baoris, of Barmer are ancient structures built to store water and provide relief from the scorching heat of the desert. These architectural marvels are a testament to the ingenuity and resourcefulness of the people of Rajasthan.
Chand Baori, located in the village of Abhaneri, is one of the most famous stepwells in Barmer. This magnificent structure, built in the 9th century, features 13 levels and 3,500 steps, making it one of the largest and deepest stepwells in India.
Apart from Chand Baori, Barmer is home to several other stepwells, each with its unique architectural style and history. Some of the notable stepwells include Panna Meena ka Kund in Amer, Hampi Baoli in Jaisalmer, and Raniji ki Baori in Bundi.
In conclusion, Barmer offers a fascinating blend of history, culture, and natural beauty that is sure to captivate with Thecitytraveller. From ancient temples and forts to the mesmerizing Thar Desert, the top places to explore in Barmer promise an unforgettable experience. So pack your bags and embark on a journey to discover the enchanting charm of this unique destination.